The Traditions in KOLOT:
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Muhamed Abu-Ajaj - Muslim Negev Bedouin tradition
The Bedouin are a desert-dwelling Arab nomadic pastoralist, or previously nomadic group, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. Few places in the desert are capable of supporting the life of even a small community for an extended period of time and so the Bedouin of the Negev would stay on the move. With herds of sheep and goats, as well as camels, the Bedouins migrated from one meagerly fertile area to another -- each offered sustenance and shelter for a time, while the others were naturally replenished. Shared respect for the dangers and hardships of the desert imbued Bedouin culture with a profound and justly celebrated sense of hospitality. Their music is divided into male and female songs for the life and year cycle, travel songs, hospitality songs and religious chants.
Esti Kenan - Jewish Ladino tradition
Ladino – the Sephardic Jewish music developed in medieval Spain with cantigas performed at the royal courts. Since then it has picked up influences from across Spain, Morocco, Argentina, Turkey and Greece. There are three types of Sephardic songs -- topical and entertainment songs, romance songs and spiritual or ceremonial songs. Lyrics can be in several languages, including Hebrew for religious songs, and Ladino. These song traditions spread from Spain to Morocco (the Western Tradition) and several parts of the Ottoman Empire (the Eastern Tradition) including Greece, Jerusalem, the Balkans and Egypt. Sephardic music adapted to each of these locales, assimilating North African high-pitched, extended ululations; Balkan rhythms, and the Turkish maqam mode. Women traditionally sang while performing household tasks without accompaniment or harmony. Tambourines and other percussion instruments are sometimes used, especially in wedding songs.