Traditions part 5
Traditions part 4
Traditions part 3
Traditions part 2
Traditions part 1

The Traditions in KOLOT:

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Rabbi Moshe and Shohana Dabah - Jewish Karaite tradition

Karaite Judaism or Karaism (meaning Readers [of Scripture]) is a Jewish movement characterized by the recognition of the Bible as its scripture and the rejection of Rabbinic Judaism and the Oral Law (the Mishnah and the Talmud) as binding. The movement crystallized in Baghdad in present day Iraq. When interpreting the Bible, Karaites strive to adhere to the plain meaning of the text. This is in contrast to Rabbinical Judaism which employs the methods of p'shat, remez (implication or clue), drash ("deep interpretation" based on breaking down individual words, e.g., breaking down "be'ra'shit" to "beit" "ra'shit", which means “two beginnings of”) and sod ("secret," the deeper meaning of the text, drawing on the Kabbalah). In modern times, Karaite Judaism has formed its own independent Jewish organization and is not a member of any Rabbinic organization.

 

 

Qes Vonda Eli Montesenout, Qes Baruch Mesret - Jewish Ethiopian tradition “Beta Israel”

The origins of the Ethiopian Jewish culture are not certain. Some relate it to a legend described in the Kebra Negast, or "Book of the Glory of Kings" to the effect that Ethiopians are descendants of Israelite tribes who came to Ethiopia with Menelik I, alleged to be the son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. The legend states that Menelik, as an adult, returned to his father in Jerusalem and then resettled in Ethiopia taking with him the Ark of the Covenant. Other believe, based on the ninth century stories of Eldad ha-Dani (the Danite), that the tribe of Dan attempted to avoid the civil war in the Kingdom of Israel between Solomon's son Rehoboam and Jeroboam the son of Nebat by resettling in Egypt, while Beta Israel (the name the Jews of Ethiopia call themselves) are said to claim direct descent from Moses. Legend has it that his children and relatives separated from the other Children of Israel after the Exodus and went southwards (though the exact area is unspecified). The Beta Israel speak Tigrinya and Amharic, a Semitic language. Their liturgical language is Ge'ez and, since the 1950s, they have taught Hebrew in their schools. Today the major part of Beta Israel live in Israel.